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India To Deploy Tactical Ballistic Missiles Near China, Pakistan Border

India has approved the purchase of 120 Parlay quasi-ballistic surface-to-surface missiles to deploy them along the country’s borders with Pakistan and China, the ANI news agency reported, citing sources in the ministry.

A senior defence source was quoted by the news agency as stating, "A high-level meeting of the Defence Ministry cleared the acquisition of around 120 missiles for the armed forces and their deployment along the borders."

Parlay missiles, according to ANI, can reach targets up to 500 kilometres (310 miles) away and are challenging to intercept because of their capacity to modify their course. The missile's creation got under way in 2015. The Indian military services successfully tested it twice in December 2021.

A tactical, surface-to-surface, short-range ballistic missile (SRBM) created by DRDO, the Pralay has frequently been contrasted with Russian Iskander ballistic missiles.

The freshly created missile was released from a canister, followed the specified quasi-ballistic trajectory, and hit the target with incredible accuracy, verifying the algorithms used for control, guidance, and mission. This missile can perform precise manoeuvres before striking a target.

The Pralay missile's employment of a DRDO-developed fused silica radar-dome (RADOME) for target detection is one of its most distinguishing characteristics. Radomes are dome-shaped buildings that protect radars from bad weather while allowing the radar to receive electromagnetic signals accurately and without distortion or attenuation.

Other indigenous Indian missiles that utilise the fused silica Radome manufactured by the DRDO include the Rudra Mk-2, NGARM, and QRSAM. The brand-new Pralay missile's guidance system features an advanced navigation system and integrated avionics.

Pralay, for instance, can be quickly prepared for launch from a mobile launcher and can carry a payload of around 350 to 700 kilos to targets up to 150 to 500 kilometres away. The Pralay uses a solid-propellant rocket motor and combines numerous novel technologies.

Despite suggestions that the Pralay is based on the Indian Prithvi ballistic missile, it has been compared more to the Russian Iskander ballistic missiles, which were heavily used against Ukraine and have proven their combat effectiveness.

Pralay Has Similarities With Russia’s Iskander

The Russian military has made considerable use of the NATO-designated SS-26 "Stone" 9K720 Iskander-M short-range ballistic missile (SRBM) during the continuing conflict with Ukraine.

With a maximum flight range of 310 miles, each launcher vehicle may carry two missiles (nearly 500 kilometers). This shows that Iskander's range, which it used to strike targets deep inside Ukrainian territory, is equivalent to the range of India's Pralay ballistic missile.

Iskander has a payload capacity of around 1500 pounds, or more than 680 kilogrammes. According to earlier claims, it could cover a distance of 350 kilometres with a heavy payload. However, if Pralay's payload is split in half, the missile can strike a target up to 500 kilometres away.

As a result, the Pralay missile's range and trajectory parameters are similar to those of the Russian 9K720 Iskander missile. To identify targets, the Iskander missile instead employs an optical Digital Scene Matching Area Correlator (DSMAC).

The DSMAC ensures increased attack precision and is an autonomous missile guiding concept based on area correlation of sensed ground scenes.

According to the Iskander missile in Ukraine, penetration aids (PENAIDs), which take the form of decoys that resemble mortars, are used to trick enemy radars and interceptor missiles.

Additionally, the Iskander goes above and beyond by using terrain contour matching, even though both the Pralay and Iskander include an Inertial Navigation System (INS) or satellite navigation (TERCOM). This simply means that it is more difficult to intercept the Iskander missile.

The accuracy of a missile is greatly increased by a TERCOM system in comparison to inertial navigation systems. A TERCOM-equipped missile may fly at lower altitudes and with greater precision, which makes it more challenging for ground radar to detect.

The Indian military's decision to purchase the Pralay missile is significant since it coincides with high-level discussions about the creation of a rocket force for the Indian Army within the Indian Defense Ministry.

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Edited by: Satyavrat Singh

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